A general overview and a specified summary of a number of important substances usually found in urine follow below. The substances given in the specified summary have been research, either in relation to urine therapy or in other contexts.
Inorganic substances in
Bicarbonate, chloride phosphor sulfur bromide fluoride jodide,
rhodanide, kalium natrium, calcium magnesium iron copper, zinc cobalt, selenium,
arsenium lead, mercury.
Nitrogen containing substances in
Nitrogen (as totality), urea, creatine, creatinine guanidine,
cholinecarnitine, piperidine, spermidine, spermine, dopamine, adrenaline,
nor-adrenaline, serotonin, tryptamine, amino-levulinic acid prophyrin,
bilirubin, and others.
Amino acids in urine:
glycine, histidine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylaanine, serine, tyrosine,
valine, hyfroxyproline, galactosylhydroxlysine xylosylserine and
Proteins in urine:
Albumin, haptoglobin, transferrin IgG, IgA,
IgM, and others.
Enzymes in urine:
gamma-glutamyltransferase, alpha-amylase, uropesinogen, lysozyme,
beta-N-acetylgucosaminidase, urokinase, protease, and
Carbohydrates in urine:
Arabinos, xylose, ribose, fucose,
rhamnose, ketopentose, glucose, galactose mannose, frutose, lactose, saccharose,
fucosylglucose, raffinose, and others.
Vitamins in urine:
(vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitaminB2), vitamin B6, 4-pyridoxic acid, nicotinic
acid, vitamin B-12, biopterine, asorbic acid and others.
Gonadotropin, corticotropin, prolactin, lactogenic hormones, oxytocin
vasopressin, thyroxine cathecaolamin (adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine)
insulin, erythropoietin, coricosteriods (aldosterone, corticosterone,
cortisone), testosterone, progesterone, oestrogen and others.
Dr. Ronnie Ng
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